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Ten Big Questions for Artificial Intelligence

One day, I would love to have an artificial intelligence installed on my smartphone that could watch me and my wife playing ping-pong in the basement, to referee suspicious situations and count points so we don't have to. I wouldn't mind if it could occasionally throw in a witty comment during the game as well, for example, if I miss some easy point, it would be interesting to hear some scathing intrusion, like "Come on, I'm sure you can do that better!" or "Oh dear, why am I even rooting for you!". When that happens, I will know that the next breakthrough in the development of artificial intelligence has definitely happened. But, we are not there yet. Today, artificial intelligence is still in its infancy, and that's actually a good thing. It is a long ride and it needs time. I'm perfectly aware that the current stage of AI is more focused on handling real (and huge) amounts of internet data, both online and offline, than towards real human-like intelligence that might be thought-centric and developed through interaction, experience and education.

A ping-pong AI referee created by Leonardo.Ai

But still, it was a lot of fun seeing what artificial intelligence in this early existence thinks about what's called "the big questions" and it would be even more interesting to see the answers to the same questions in the near and far future by the same or other AI entity after it becomes capable of watching a ping-pong game and deduct from it. So let's wait for Siri and Alexa to grow a little more, and in the meantime enjoy with how ChatGPT deals with all the facts today. I'd say pretty impressive. So here they are, ten rather big and philosophical questions with really interesting answers.

What do you think about humanity in general?

I don't possess personal thoughts, emotions, or opinions as I am an AI language model. However, I can provide you with information and insights based on the data I've been trained on.

Humanity is a complex and diverse species with a rich history of accomplishments and challenges. People have achieved remarkable feats in various fields, such as science, art, technology, and social progress. At the same time, humanity has faced significant ethical, social, and environmental issues that have led to both positive and negative outcomes.

It's important to recognize that views on humanity can vary widely depending on individual perspectives and experiences. Some may have a positive outlook, emphasizing human innovation and compassion, while others might focus on shortcomings and conflicts. Ultimately, humanity's story is one of continuous evolution and adaptation, with the potential for both positive and negative actions shaping our collective future.

What do you think about religion and superstition from the history and present?

I don't hold personal opinions, but I can provide an overview of how religion and superstition have been perceived throughout history and in the present.


Religion has played a significant role in human history, shaping cultures, societies, and individual lives in various ways. It often provides a framework for understanding the world, morality, and one's purpose in life. Religions have also been a source of comfort, community, and guidance for many people.

Throughout history, different religions have emerged across different cultures, each with its own beliefs, practices, rituals, and traditions. While religions have contributed to positive aspects such as ethical guidance, social cohesion, and cultural preservation, they have also been associated with conflicts, intolerance, and divisions.

In the present, religion continues to be a powerful force in many societies, but its influence varies widely. Some regions are becoming more secular, with a decreasing emphasis on religious beliefs and practices, while others remain deeply religious.


Superstition refers to beliefs and practices that are not based on empirical evidence but are often associated with the belief in supernatural causality. Superstitions can vary greatly across cultures and time periods. They often arise as attempts to explain or control uncertain or uncontrollable events.

Superstitions have been prevalent throughout history and still exist in modern times, even in technologically advanced societies. While many superstitions have been debunked by scientific understanding, they can still have psychological and cultural significance for individuals and communities.

Superstitions can provide comfort, a sense of control, or a way to cope with uncertainty, but they can also lead to irrational behaviors and hinder critical thinking. As societies advance and scientific knowledge expands, superstitions may decline, but they may never fully disappear due to their deep-rooted cultural and psychological aspects.

In both cases, attitudes towards religion and superstition can be complex and vary widely among individuals and cultures, influenced by factors such as personal beliefs, upbringing, education, and societal norms.

What do you think about theory that we are not living in base reality but in a simulated world?

The idea that we might be living in a simulated world is a concept that has gained popularity in certain philosophical, scientific, and speculative circles. This notion, often referred to as the "simulation hypothesis," suggests that our reality is not the base reality but rather a simulated construct created by a more advanced civilization, technology, or intelligence.

It's important to note that the simulation hypothesis is not a widely accepted scientific theory but rather a speculative idea that sparks philosophical discussions and debates. Some points to consider include:

Lack of Empirical Evidence: As of now, there is no empirical evidence to support the simulation hypothesis. It's a concept that falls largely within the realm of philosophy and theoretical speculation.

Scientific Exploration: Some proponents of the simulation hypothesis argue that as technology advances, our own ability to create realistic simulations is improving, so it's theoretically possible that an advanced civilization could create a simulation that is indistinguishable from reality.

Philosophical Implications: The simulation hypothesis raises interesting philosophical questions about the nature of reality, free will, consciousness, and the limits of our understanding. It encourages us to contemplate the nature of existence and the boundaries between the real and the virtual.

Simulation Paradox: There's a philosophical paradox associated with the simulation hypothesis. If we were to create simulations ourselves, it would mean that simulations are possible, making it more likely that we ourselves are living in a simulation. This creates a loop of uncertainty.

Occam's Razor: Critics of the simulation hypothesis argue that it introduces unnecessary complexity. The principle of Occam's razor suggests that when multiple explanations are possible, the simplest one is usually the most likely.

Interpretations of Physics: Some proponents of the simulation hypothesis draw connections to certain interpretations of quantum physics or cosmology to support their ideas. However, these interpretations are still widely debated among experts in those fields.

In summary, the concept of living in a simulated world is a thought-provoking idea that has captured the imagination of many, but it remains speculative and lacks empirical support. It's essential to approach such discussions with an open mind while also recognizing the limits of our current understanding and the distinction between philosophical speculation and established scientific theories.

What do you think is humanity's best trait?

I don't hold personal opinions, but I can discuss a trait that many people often view as one of humanity's best qualities: empathy.

Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. It allows people to connect with each other on a deep emotional level, to offer support and compassion, and to build meaningful relationships. Empathy plays a crucial role in promoting cooperation, kindness, and social harmony.

Here are a few reasons why empathy is often considered one of humanity's best traits:

Compassion: Empathy enables individuals to recognize and respond to the suffering of others, often leading to acts of kindness and support.

Relationship Building: Empathy helps foster strong interpersonal relationships by allowing people to understand and respect each other's emotions and perspectives.

Conflict Resolution: Empathy can de-escalate conflicts by helping individuals see things from different viewpoints and find common ground.

Altruism: Many acts of altruism and charity stem from empathy, as individuals are moved by the needs and struggles of others.

Social Cohesion: Empathy contributes to the cohesion of communities and societies by promoting understanding and cooperation among diverse groups of people.

Personal Growth: Developing empathy can lead to personal growth and self-awareness, as it requires individuals to step outside their own experiences and consider those of others.

Art and Literature: Empathy is at the core of much art, literature, and storytelling, allowing creators to evoke emotions and connect with audiences.

While empathy is a valuable trait, it's also important to note that human beings possess a range of qualities, both positive and negative. Our complexity as a species means that various traits contribute to our interactions and our impact on the world.

What do you think is mankind's greatest weakness?

I don't have personal opinions, but I can discuss a weakness often identified in humanity: our potential for conflict, division, and harm.

One of mankind's greatest weaknesses is our propensity for conflict, both on an individual and societal level. This weakness can manifest in various ways:

Conflict and Violence: Throughout history, humans have engaged in conflicts ranging from small-scale disputes to large-scale wars. This propensity for violence and aggression has led to immeasurable suffering and loss.

Intolerance and Prejudice: Humans often exhibit biases and prejudices against those who are perceived as different from themselves. This intolerance can lead to discrimination, inequality, and social tensions.

Power Struggles: The quest for power, resources, and control has driven many conflicts. These struggles for dominance can lead to exploitation and oppression.

Ethnic and Religious Divisions: Differences in ethnicity, culture, and religion have frequently fueled conflicts and societal divisions.

Lack of Cooperation: Despite our ability to cooperate and collaborate, humans also have a tendency to prioritize individual interests over collective well-being.

Environmental Impact: Our actions, driven by economic interests and consumption, have contributed to environmental degradation and climate change, which pose significant challenges to the well-being of future generations.

Misuse of Technology: While technological advancements offer numerous benefits, they can also be misused for destructive purposes, such as cyberattacks and the development of harmful weaponry.

It's important to recognize that while these weaknesses exist, humans are not solely defined by them. Humanity also possesses qualities such as compassion, creativity, adaptability, and the capacity for positive change. Efforts to address our weaknesses involve education, empathy, ethical considerations, and a collective commitment to creating a more just, peaceful, and sustainable world.

How do you see human evolution in the next century and beyond?

Predicting the future of human evolution is complex and speculative, as it's influenced by a combination of genetic, cultural, environmental, and technological factors. However, there are several trends and potential areas of change that could shape human evolution in the next century and beyond:

Technological Advancements: Advances in genetic engineering, artificial intelligence, and biotechnology could lead to new possibilities for shaping human evolution. Genetic interventions might become more common, potentially allowing for the correction of genetic diseases or the enhancement of certain traits.

Health and Longevity: Improved healthcare, nutrition, and medical technologies might contribute to longer lifespans and healthier lives. However, this could also impact natural selection by reducing the pressure for certain genetic traits that were historically advantageous in younger ages.

Environmental Adaptation: As the environment changes due to factors like climate change and habitat loss, humans may need to adapt to new conditions. This could involve physiological changes or innovative technologies to cope with changing landscapes.

Cultural Evolution: Cultural practices and behaviors can influence genetic evolution indirectly by shaping reproductive patterns and societal norms. Changes in family structures, reproduction, and social dynamics may impact the genetic makeup of future generations.

Space Exploration: As humans venture beyond Earth, the unique challenges of space travel and colonization could drive specific evolutionary adaptations. Over time, populations living on other planets might face new selection pressures.

Social and Ethical Considerations: The increasing ability to manipulate genetics raises ethical questions about how much we should intervene in the natural process of evolution. Decisions about which traits to enhance or eliminate could have significant social and moral implications.

Interplay of Nature and Nurture: Human evolution is not solely determined by genetics. Environmental factors, cultural practices, and technological innovations will continue to interact with genetic influences in complex ways.

Biocultural Evolution: The intertwined nature of biology and culture means that human evolution will likely continue to involve both genetic changes and cultural adaptations.

It's important to note that the pace of evolutionary change is typically slow, and the impacts of many potential factors are highly uncertain. Additionally, our understanding of genetics and evolution is still evolving, and the ethical implications of some technological advancements remain subjects of debate. While speculation about the future of human evolution is fascinating, it's essential to approach these discussions with humility and an awareness of the complexities involved.

What do you think is the best political system and how to improve it?

I don't hold personal opinions, but I can provide information on various political systems and ways they can be improved. The "best" political system is often a matter of perspective, and different systems have their own strengths and weaknesses. Here are a few prominent political systems and potential areas of improvement for each:


Democracy is a system in which power is vested in the hands of the people, usually through elected representatives. One potential area of improvement is to enhance inclusivity and representation. This could involve addressing issues like gerrymandering, ensuring fair and equal access to voting, and promoting the representation of marginalized groups.


Authoritarian systems concentrate power in the hands of a single leader or a small group. Improvements could involve transitioning towards more participatory governance, respecting human rights, and providing avenues for citizens to voice their concerns and influence decisions.


Socialism emphasizes collective ownership of resources and aims to reduce economic inequalities. Improving this system could involve finding a balance between state control and individual innovation, addressing potential inefficiencies, and ensuring that basic needs are met while still encouraging economic growth.


Capitalism is an economic system driven by private ownership and competition. One area for improvement could be implementing regulations that prevent monopolies and ensure fair competition. Addressing income inequality and providing social safety nets could also be important aspects to consider.

Mixed Economy:

Many modern political systems incorporate elements of both capitalism and socialism. Improving a mixed economy could involve refining the balance between government intervention and free-market mechanisms to ensure economic stability, social welfare, and environmental sustainability.

Direct Democracy:

In a direct democracy, citizens directly participate in decision-making processes. Enhancements could involve utilizing technology to facilitate broader and more informed participation, while also safeguarding against manipulation and misinformation.


Federal systems divide political authority between a central government and subnational entities. Improvements might focus on maintaining a balance between central authority and regional autonomy, ensuring that the needs and preferences of diverse regions are considered.

Global Governance:

As the world becomes more interconnected, improving global governance systems could involve strengthening international institutions to address transnational issues like climate change, economic inequality, and human rights abuses.

Ultimately, the effectiveness of a political system depends on the context, the values of the society it serves, and the willingness of its citizens to participate and hold leaders accountable. Continuous dialogue, open debate, and the willingness to adapt and reform are key to improving any political system.

Do you think intelligent life is an incident and it could be rare in the universe?

The question of whether intelligent life is a rare occurrence in the universe is a topic of speculation and ongoing scientific investigation. While I don't hold personal opinions, I can provide you with some perspectives on this matter.

The Drake Equation, formulated by Dr. Frank Drake in 1961, attempts to estimate the number of active, communicative extraterrestrial civilizations in our Milky Way galaxy. It takes into account factors such as the rate of star formation, the fraction of those stars with planets, the number of planets that could potentially support life, and the likelihood that life evolves on those planets. The equation demonstrates that the number of potential intelligent civilizations could vary significantly based on the assumptions used for each factor.

There are arguments both for and against the prevalence of intelligent life in the universe:

Arguments for Rare Intelligent Life:

Rare Earth Hypothesis: Some scientists propose that the specific conditions required for complex life, including a stable planetary environment and a sequence of unique evolutionary events, might be rare. Earth's combination of factors, such as the presence of a large moon and plate tectonics, could be uncommon in the universe.

Great Filter Theory: This theory suggests that there might be one or more "filters" that prevent the emergence of intelligent civilizations or their survival over long periods. The existence of such filters could explain why we haven't detected other civilizations.

Arguments for Common Intelligent Life:

Abundance of Exoplanets: The discovery of numerous exoplanets (planets outside our solar system) suggests that planets are common in the universe. Some of these planets are in the "habitable zone" where conditions might be right for liquid water to exist, a key ingredient for life as we know it.

Life's Persistence: Life on Earth has shown remarkable resilience and adaptability, existing in diverse and extreme environments. This might indicate that life could emerge in a variety of conditions beyond our planet.

Convergent Evolution: Convergent evolution is the phenomenon where similar traits and adaptations evolve independently in different species facing similar challenges. If this holds true for intelligent life, it could suggest that under certain conditions, intelligence might arise in a similar way.

At present, our understanding of the factors that lead to the emergence of intelligent life is limited due to the lack of evidence beyond Earth. Discoveries in fields like astrobiology, astronomy, and the study of exoplanets could provide more insights into this question in the coming years. The rarity or commonness of intelligent life remains an intriguing and open question in the search for extraterrestrial life.

Do you think Earth has limited resources to sustain complex life as we know it?

Yes, Earth does have limited resources to sustain complex life as we know it. While Earth is a planet of remarkable diversity and abundance, it is not an infinite source of resources. The concept of "planetary boundaries" highlights the limits within which Earth's systems can operate without causing significant disruptions to its ecosystems and the well-being of its inhabitants.

Several key resources are essential for sustaining complex life:

Water: Water is vital for all forms of life on Earth. However, only a small percentage of Earth's water is freshwater, and a significant portion of that is not easily accessible due to being locked in ice caps or underground. Ensuring access to clean and sufficient freshwater is a growing challenge.

Energy Sources: Earth's primary energy sources include solar radiation, geothermal heat, and fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are finite resources and their burning contributes to environmental problems such as climate change.

Biodiversity: Biodiversity provides ecosystems with resilience, stability, and the ability to adapt to changes. However, human activities such as habitat destruction, pollution, and overexploitation are leading to a loss of biodiversity.

Arable Land: The availability of fertile land for agriculture is essential for producing food. However, urbanization, soil degradation, and deforestation are reducing the amount of arable land.

Minerals and Metals: Minerals and metals are used in various industries, from technology to construction. Many of these resources are finite and can become depleted over time.

Atmosphere: The composition of Earth's atmosphere plays a critical role in regulating temperature, providing oxygen for respiration, and shielding the planet from harmful solar radiation. Human activities, particularly the emission of greenhouse gases, can alter the composition of the atmosphere with potentially significant consequences.

As the global population grows and human activities expand, there are concerns about overconsumption, environmental degradation, and the depletion of resources. Sustainable practices and responsible management of resources are important for ensuring that Earth's systems can continue to support complex life in the long term. This involves efforts to minimize waste, conserve resources, transition to renewable energy sources, protect biodiversity, and reduce the environmental impact of human activities.

What do you think life is?

Life is a complex and multifaceted concept that is often defined by its characteristics and properties. While I don't have personal opinions, I can provide you with a general understanding of how life is commonly described and defined:

Life is typically characterized by a set of shared properties that distinguish living organisms from non-living matter. These properties include:

Organization: Living organisms are highly organized and structured, with cells as the basic units of life. Cells are composed of molecules and organelles that work together to carry out specific functions.

Metabolism: Life requires energy to maintain its organization and carry out various processes. Metabolism refers to the chemical reactions that occur within cells to acquire, transform, and use energy.

Homeostasis: Living organisms have the ability to regulate their internal environment to maintain a stable and balanced state, even in the face of external changes.

Growth and Development: Living organisms can grow in size and complexity over time. They also undergo processes of development, which involve changes in form, structure, and function as they mature.

Response to Stimuli: Living organisms can respond to their environment by detecting and reacting to various stimuli. This ability allows them to adapt to changing conditions.

Reproduction: Life includes the ability to reproduce and pass on genetic information to offspring. This ensures the continuity of life over generations.

Evolution: Living organisms can undergo changes in their genetic makeup over time, leading to the gradual development of new traits and characteristics. Evolution is a driving force of biodiversity and adaptation.

Defining life is complex because it encompasses a wide range of organisms with diverse characteristics, from simple single-celled organisms to complex multicellular beings. While the properties mentioned above are common traits of most life forms, there can be exceptions and variations. For example, viruses exhibit some life-like characteristics but are not universally considered living organisms due to their dependency on host cells for reproduction.

Scientists and philosophers have explored the nature of life from various perspectives, including biological, philosophical, and metaphysical viewpoints. The question of what constitutes life continues to be a topic of study, debate, and exploration across multiple disciplines.

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